How to draw realistic facial features

學習如何畫人像需要時間與技巧。不過,透過逐一拆解臉部特徵,可以讓畫師把所有細節組合在一起之前,更加專注,並且有機會練習不同的技巧層面。按照這些教學內容,你會學到如何自信畫出人物的臉部。

頭部

當然,在畫五官之前,你應該了解怎麼畫頭部。對於初學者來說,要畫出逼真的頭部形狀並不容易。從不同的角度繪製頭部形狀,會有不同的挑戰。在本教學中,我們會為你示範怎麼一步一步畫出逼真的頭部。

Nose

Learning how to draw a nose should be your first task, as it’s the easiest facial feature to recreate using pencil and paper. There are a variety of methods that can be used, depending on whether you’re drawing a face straight on or in profile.

Using a basic grid of three squares across and two squares down, you can ensure the nose remains in proportion, with one nostril in the bottom left hand box and the other in bottom right. In profile, use a larger grid: the nostril should sit across the middle squares towards the bottom to ensure you get the proportions correct.

For a more basic nose, draw a triangle with a diamond shape at the bottom, before sketching in nostrils and adding shade across the top and bottom to make it more detailed. Shading the nose to look darker underneath will ensure it looks more realistic.

Eyes

Working out how to draw eyes can seem daunting, especially as they are by far the most detailed part of the face. It’s best to start with a simple ellipsis that reflects the overall shape of the eye. You can try this freehand or, if you’re keen to be accurate, use a grid to make sure you’ve got the size and shape right.

If you’re drawing someone face on, remember that both the iris and pupil are perfect circles. This is vital if you’re aiming for a photorealistic finish or want to convey lifelike vision.

Having a basic grasp of shading is important, too. Pupils should be as dark as possible, while the iris should be patterned to reflect how detailed it is in real life. Using empty space to show off a light source reflecting on the eye will give your drawings a more professional edge. By shading the area above the eye, you’ll also create a neat shadow effect.

Cheeks

Drawing cheeks might seem as simple as adding two curves to either side of a portrait. However, there is a huge amount of nuance required to ensure cheeks look realistic.

A simple way to get cheeks right is to start with two overlapping circles drawn on top of each other, with a cross drawn from the highest and widest points. The two areas of the lower circle beneath the cross now represent cheekbones, giving you an area to work with once you’ve tacked the nose and eyes.

Knowing how to shade this area is key. The best way to understand how to get the lighting of a cheek right is to consider a sphere. The area to the top is lightest, passing through middle tones to dark at the bottom. One side sits in dark shadow, the other in lighter grey. The latter depends on which way the subject is facing and where the light source is coming from.

Mouth

Working out how to draw a mouth varies depending on whether the subject has theirs open or closed. Open mouths with teeth showing are a lot harder to capture than those which are closed.

To capture the basic outline of a pair of lips, draw a horizontal axis and then a triangle across the middle. This will give you space to draw a curve above the line within the triangle to represent the drop in the middle of the upper lip. The area below the line should be used for the fuller, lower lip. Remember that the upper lip tends to be darker and should be shaded accordingly. It’s also important to keep in mind that lips do not appear well–defined unless the subject is wearing makeup.

Teeth can be difficult to capture. Remember that there shouldn’t be a hard line between each one. Instead use shading and light lines so they don’t appear wholly separate from each other. Teeth towards the back of the mouth should be shaded darker, with a grid used to ensure they each tooth sits in proportion to the other and the perspective doesn’t become warped.

Eyebrows

Eyebrows can easily be an afterthought, but getting them right is essential if you want to learn how to draw a portrait properly.

Rather than drawing in the hair immediately, eyebrows should be drawn in as a simple shape from the top of the brow bone. Shading is key here, as is using a softer pencil that will allow you to accentuate darker tones and draw in hairs to give the face a more detailed feel. This should be done using thin strokes, with hair becoming thicker and more tapered towards the far end of the eyebrow.

Add thickness to give a face a more defined and rugged look or opt for a thinner eyebrow if you’re aiming for a more feminine style.

Hairline

Getting the hairline right is a vital aspect of how to draw a head and face. In fact, this should be defined early on, well before you start adding hair to your portrait. Knowing where the hairline is will allow you to get the proportions of a face correct, ensuring the forehead is the right size and that features like the eyes and nose don’t appear too high.

Block out an area across the top of the head, known as the hair zone. A straight hairline will appear as a curve across the forehead, while a widow’s peak will have a point at the middle of the forehead. A receding hairline appears further back on the head.

Mark this in using light strokes, so when it comes to drawing hair you can erase the line as you begin adding in a style. The lines should act as a reference point for where hair starts and how it falls across the face of your subject.

塑造富有表現力的面孔。開始使用 Wacom One。

Wacom One 是繪出栩栩如生的臉部特徵的理想選擇。受惠於 13.3 吋螢幕自然的表面摩擦和極低的反光,Wacom One 能創造出與眾不同的紙上筆感體驗。數位筆手感輕盈自然,其可在你選擇的軟體中化身為鉛筆、筆刷或粉筆,甚至還可以作為橡皮擦使用。精心描繪細節,塑造栩栩如生面孔的最佳選擇。裝置隨附創作用軟體,並可將其連接至你的 Mac 或 PC 以及特定 Android 裝置。

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